College Management System Project
The Study on Estimate of College Information Management System
The Information System literature strongly suggests that planning for distributed information systems should be centralized. The planning activity should be a top down process developed from the business planning and information system planning activities. A model of information system architecture should be developed which would serve as the basis for the management and control of information systems resources throughout the organization. Information system architecture is an enterprise-wide design or plan of the collective information systems and technologies used by the firm, it serves two purposes. It is the basis of planning for the future development of the information systems of the college management and it serves to document the current state of the information systems. In actuality, an organization should maintain a set of models of information system architectures. One model should document the current state of the firm’s information systems. One model should be target architecture for the organization.
Models which are intermediary between those two models should exist which serve to define the planned progress of the organization toward the target architecture. A decision support system which could serve as the basis for the development and evaluation of such models is needed. A model base suitable for this environment must first be developed. In order to evaluate modeling frameworks which might serve as a model base for such a system? basis for evaluation needs to be established. The purpose of this paper is to present the criteria for models which have been set forth in the literature and develop from them quantifiable measures which can be used as a basis for the evaluation of modeling frameworks to be used as a model base for a DSS.
Multiple Levels of College Information Management System Estimate
The benefit brought to colleges by information systems is multi-dimensional and will spread to different levels of colleges or of human resources. The different levels of human resources increase in value after the government put more investment in human resources.  Moreover, each level has its own unique characteristic in applying the system and selecting appropriate estimate indexes. The effect that information system brings to colleges is mainly reflected on four levels, namely, operation level, knowledge level, management level and strategy level.
Operation Level The information system is mainly used to deal with routine business, to enhance work efficiency and benefits, such as stock management, sales amount calculating, etc. The implementation of information systems at operation level results in the improvement of production and working efficiency and the lowering of cost. Hence, one important function of system estimate is supporting daily, regular operation and control of colleges. The estimate indexes include: cost reduction, specifically that of labor cost, stock cost and management; productivity enhancement; shortening of turnover cycle, specifically that of order service for clients or suppliers and that of cash; improvement of service, specifically easy access to data and quick response to customer requirements.
Knowledge Level Information system serves people who work with data, helping colleges detect, organize and integrate new information and knowledge, coordinating information transfer within colleges or between colleges and the outside to ensure smooth information flow. The effect of information system at knowledge level is reflected in helping relative staff with knowledge and data, managing and refining useful information and knowledge. Hence the focus of system estimate is whether the system supports staff working with knowledge. The main estimate indexes include: information quality of system, such as accuracy, timeliness, integrality, relativity, intelligibility, format, etc; improvement of knowledge staffs’ work quality, such as working efficiency, degree of automation, quick learning capability; amelioration of knowledge staffs’ working conditions, such as uniform working platform, integrated database and effective communications among staffs.
Management Level Information system is mainly used to assist information manager in planning and controlling the operation of colleges; to obtain information of the college and the outside in order to solve semi-structured problems; and to make decisions. System estimate here stresses the optimizing of college decisions to guarantee its smooth operation. The effect of information system implementation is reflected in the optimizing of college decisions to guarantee its smooth operation. Hence the focus of system estimate is the degree to which system supports decisions.  Estimate indexes include: optimization of decision-making, specifically optimization of decisions at operation level, strategic decisions and decisions for customer service etc.; performance control improvement such as finance performance control and production performance control; resource management optimizing, specifically stock management optimizing, production management optimizing and staff management optimizing.
The above analysis of information systems estimate indicates that it is a complex social process. Different subjects at different stages require different estimate principles and estimate indexes. And system effect is also reflected at four different levels or at different levels of human resources. A comprehensive consideration of these three aspects is needed to establish a complete information system estimate index system and estimate methods. Ignorance of any one of them would lead to incompleteness of estimate and failure to reflect the benefits and improvements brought to colleges by the system. Code Shoppy